Grand Theft Auto v (GTA)

Grand Theft Auto V is an action-adventure video game developed by Rockstar North and published by Rockstar Games. It was released on 17 September 2013 for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360, on 18 November 2014 for the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One, and on 14 April 2015 for Microsoft Windows. It is the first main entry in the Grand Theft Auto series since 2008’s Grand Theft Auto IV. Set within the fictional state of San Andreas, based on Southern California, the single-player story follows three criminals and their efforts to commit heists while under pressure from a government agency. The open world design lets players freely roam San Andreas’ open countryside and the fictional city of Los Santos, based on Los Angeles.
The game is played from either a first-person or third-person view and its world is navigated on foot or by vehicle. Players control the three lead protagonists throughout single-player and switch between them both during and outside of missions. The story is centred on the heist sequences, and many missions involve shooting and driving gameplay. A “wanted” system governs the aggression of law enforcement response to players who commit crimes. Grand Theft Auto Online, the online multiplayer mode, lets up to 30 players explore the open world and engage in cooperative or competitive game matches.
Development began soon after Grand Theft Auto IV‘s release and was shared between many of Rockstar’s studios worldwide. The development team drew influence from many of their previous projects such as Red Dead Redemption and Max Payne 3, and designed the game around three lead protagonists to innovate on the core structure of its predecessors. Much of the development work constituted the open world’s creation, and several team members conducted field research around California to capture footage for the design team. The game’s soundtrack features an original score composed by a team of producers who collaborated over several years.
Extensively marketed and widely anticipated, the game broke industry sales records and became the fastest-selling entertainment product in history, earning US $800 million in its first day and US $1 billion in its first three days. It received widespread critical acclaim, with praise directed at its multiple protagonist design, open world, presentation and gameplay. It caused controversies related to its depiction of women and a mission featuring torture during a hostage interrogation. Considered one of seventh generation console gaming‘s most significant titles and among the best games ever made, it won year-end accolades including Game of the Year awards from several gaming publications. It has shipped over 75 million copies and is one of the best-selling video games of all time.


Egrang atau jangkungan adalah galah atau tongkat yang digunakan seseorang agar bisa berdiri dalam jarak tertentu di atas tanah. Egrang berjalan adalah egrang yang diperlengkapi dengan tangga sebagai tempat berdiri, atau tali pengikat untuk diikatkan ke kaki, untuk tujuan berjalan selama naik di atas ketinggian normal. Di dataran banjir maupun pantai atau tanah labil, bangunan sering dibuat di atas jangkungan untuk melindungi agar tidak rusak oleh air, gelombang, atau tanah yang bergeser. Jangkungan telah dibuat selama ratusan tahun.[1].
Terdapat beberapa jenis egrang, yakni:
  • Egrang pegangan
  • Egrang pasak
  • Egrang drywall
  • Egrang pegas

 Permainan ini sudah tidak asing lagi, mekipun diberbagai daerah di kenal dengan nama yang berbeda beda. saat ini juga sudahmulai sulit di temukan, baik di desa maupun di kota, tetapi saat permainan inimulai di kombinasikan dengan berbagai hal sehingga dapat berdampingan dengandunia yang di katakan modern ini. Yang akan di ulas kali ini permainan egrangyang ada di Jawa Barat khususnya didaerah tempat tinggal saya yaitu di Kampung Munjul, Desa Mangkurakyat,Kecamatan Cilawu, KabupatenGarut yang di kenal dengan nama egrang (jajangkungan).

      Permainan Egrang cukup terkenal di daerah tempat tinggalsaya. Permainan ini sering dilakukan oleh anak-anak usia 7 sampai 13 tahun(anak SD, SMP). Tetapi tidak jarang anak yang duduk di bangku TK pun sudah bisamemainkannya dan orang dewasa pun ikut memainkan permainan egrang ini. Caramemainkan permainan ini sebenarnya beragam, yang saya lakukan hanyalah salahsatu dari banyak cara yang lainnya. Permainan egrang ini dipandang sebagaipermainan yang menyenangkan, menantang, dan tidak memakan biaya yang mahaluntuk membuat alat permainan tersebut.
CaraMembuat Egrang Adalah Sebagai Berikut:
      Mula-mula bambu dipotongmenjadi dua bagian yang panjangnya masing-masing sekitar 2½-3 meter. Setelahitu, dipotong lagi bambu yang lain menjadi dua bagian dengan ukuranmasing-masing sekitar 20cm untuk dijadikan pijakan kaki. Selanjutnya, salahsatu ruas bambu yang berukuran panjang dilubangi untuk memasukkan bambu yangberukuran pendek. Setelah bambu untuk pijakan kaki terpasang, maka bambutersebut siap untuk digunakan.

Cara bermain Egrang untuk adukecepatan.
      Apabila bermain Egrang ini hanya bertujuan untuk mengadukecepatan, maka diawali dengan 3 anak atau lebih dari garis start. Jika sudahada aba-aba mulai maka para pemain akan berlari dengan menggunakan Egrangtersebut. Pemain yang lebih dulu sampai ke garis finish maka itulah yang di jadikan sebagai pemenangnya.

Cara bermain Egrang untuk menjatuhkan lawan
      Cara bermainnya yaitu dilakukan oleh 2 orang. Setelah 2 orangtersebut sudah menaiki Egrang dan saling berhadapan serta sudah ada aba-abamulai maka mereka akan saling menjatuhkan dengan memukulkan kaki-kaki bambulawan. Pemain yang bisa menjatuhkan lawan maka itulah yang di jadikan pemenang.

      Permainan Egrang ini juga membutuhkan kerjakeras,keuletan,dan sportifitas. Para pemain bekerja keras untuk mengalahkanlawan mereka. Membutuhkan keuletan dan ketekunan dalam proses pembuatan Egrangini agar dapat seimbang ketika digunakan. Sikap sportifitas yang dimiliki olehseorang pemain saat bermain yaitu tidak berbuat curang dan mau menerimakekalahan.
      Nilai budaya yang terkandung dalam permainan egrang adalah:kerja keras, keuletan, dan sportivitas. Nilai kerja keras tercermin darisemangat para pemain yang berusaha agar dapat mengalahkan lawannya. Nilaikeuletan tercermin dari proses pembuatan alat yang digunakan untuk berjalanyang memerlukan keuletan dan ketekunan agar seimbang dan mudah digunakan untukberjalan. Dan, nilai sportivitas tercermin tidak hanya dari sikap para pemainyang tidak berbuat curang saat berlangsungnya permainan, tetapi juga maumenerima kekalahan dengan lapang dada.

Lompat Tali

skipping rope (British English) or jump rope (American English) is a tool used in the sport of jump rope where one or more participants jump over a rope swung so that it passes under their feet and over their heads. There are multiple subsets of jump rope including: single freestyle, single speed, pairs, three person speed (double dutch), and three person freestyle (double dutch freestyle). The events are often separated by gender and age. There are hundreds of competitive teams all around the world. There are a few major organisations that support jump rope as a sport as seen below, schools rarely have jump rope teams, and states do not sanction official events for high school or elementary school. In freestyle events, jumpers use a variety of basic and advanced techniques in a routine of one minute, which is judged by a head judge, content judges, and performance judges. In speed events, a jumper alternates their feet with the rope going around the jumper every time one of their feet hit the ground for 30 seconds, one minute, or three minutes. The jumper is judged on the number of times the right foot touches the ground in those times.


Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are “singles” (with one player per side) and “doubles” (with two players per side). Badminton is often played as a casual outdoor activity in a yard or on a beach; formal games are played on a rectangular indoor court. Points are scored by striking the shuttlecock with the racquet and landing it within the opposing side’s half of the court.
Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. Play ends once the shuttlecock has struck the floor or if a fault has been called by the umpire, service judge, or (in their absence) the opposing side.[1]
The shuttlecock is a feathered or (in informal matches) plastic projectile which flies differently from the balls used in many other sports. In particular, the feathers create much higher drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly. Shuttlecocks also have a high top speed compared to the balls in other racquet sports.
The game developed in British India from the earlier game of battledore and shuttlecock. European play came to be dominated by Denmark but the game has become very popular in Asia, with recent competition dominated by China. Since 1992, badminton has been a Summer Olympic sport with five events: men’s singles, women’s singles, men’s doubles, women’s doubles, and mixed doubles. At high levels of play, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobic staminaagility, strength, speed, and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring good motor coordination and the development of sophisticated racquet movements

Sate Ayam

Satay (/ˈsæt//ˈsɑːt/ sah-tay), or sate in Indonesian and Malaysian spelling, is a dish of seasonedskewered and grilled meat, served with a sauce.[1] Satay may consist of diced or sliced chickengoatmuttonbeefporkfish, other meats, or tofu; the more authentic version uses skewers from the midrib of the coconut palm frond, although bamboo skewers are often used. These are grilled or barbecued over a wood or charcoal fire, then served with various spicy seasonings. Satay can be served in various sauces, however most often they are served in a combination of soy and peanut sauce.[2] Hence, peanut sauce are often called as satay sauce.[3]
Satay originated in the Indonesian island of Java.[4][5][6][7] It is available almost anywhere in Indonesia, where it has become a national dish.[8][9] It is also popular in many other Southeast Asian countries, including MalaysiaSingaporeBruneiThailand, the PhilippinesEast Timor as well as in Suriname and the Netherlands, as Indonesia and Suriname are former Dutch colonies.
Satay is a very popular delicacy in Indonesia; the country’s diverse ethnic groups’ culinary arts (see Indonesian cuisine) have produced a wide variety of satays. In Indonesia, satay is a popular street food,[4] it can be obtained from a travelling satay vendor, from a street-side tent-restaurant, in an upper-class restaurant, or during traditional celebration feasts. In Malaysia, satay is a popular dish—especially during celebrations—and can be found throughout the country. In Southern Philippines it is known as satti.
Close analogues are yakitori from Japanchuanr from Chinashish kebab from Turkey and the Middle Eastshashlik from the Caucasus and sosatie from South Africa. It is listed at number 14 on World’s 50 most delicious foods readers’ poll compiled by CNN Go in 2011.

Nasi Goreng

Nasi goreng is distinguished from other Asian fried rice recipes by its aromatic, earthy and smoky flavour, owed to generous amount of caramelized kecap manis (sweet soy sauce) and ground powdered terasi (shrimp paste), and the flavour is stronger and spicier compared to Chinese fried rice.[7] Nasi goreng often includes krupuk and bawang goreng (fried shallots) or (fried onions) to give a crispier texture.

The main ingredients of nasi goreng include pre-cooked rice, sweet soy sauce, powdered terasi (shrimp paste), saltgarlicshallotchilli pepperspring onionsnutmegturmericvegetable oilonionspalm sugarginger garlic paste, and slices of cucumber and tomato for garnishing. Some recipes may add black pepperfish sauce, or powdered broth as a seasoning and taste enhancer. Eggs might be mixed into fried rice or fried separately, either as telur ceplok/telur mata sapi (sunny side up eggs), or telur dadar (omelette), and also telur rebus (boiled eggs). Originally optional, the addition of fried egg is often named as nasi goreng spesial (pakai telur) or special fried rice topped with fried egg.