Bali is an Indonesian island known for its forested volcanic mountains, iconic rice paddies, beaches and coral reefs. The island is home to religious sites such as cliffside Uluwatu Temple. To the south, the beachside city of Kuta has lively bars, while Seminyak, Sanur and Nusa Dua are popular resort towns. The island is also known for its yoga and meditation retreats.
Area2,232 mi²
Population4.225 million (2014)


Cristiano Ronaldo


Cristiano Ronaldo was born on February 5, 1985, in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal. Manchester United paid £12 million to sign him in 2003—a record fee for a player of his age. In the 2004 FA Cup final, he scored Manchester’s first three goals and helped them capture the championship. In 2008, he set a franchise record for goals scored. In 2009, Real Madrid paid a record $131 million for his services.

Early Life

Born Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro on February 5, 1985, in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, a small island off the western coast of the country, Ronaldo is the youngest of four children born to Maria Dolores dos Santos and Jose Dinis Aveiro. He was named after Ronald Reagan, one of his father’s favorite actors.
Ronaldo grew up in a largely working class neighborhood in a small tin-roofed home that overlooked the ocean. His early life was shaped by hardship; his father, a gardener, often drank too much, and eventually died from kidney problems in 2005. To help keep the children fed, and maintain some financial stability, Ronaldo’s mother worked as a cook and cleaning person.

Intro to Soccer

It was through his dad’s work as an equipment manager at a boy’s club that Ronaldo was first introduced to the game of soccer. By the time he was 10 years old, he was already recognized as a phenomenon—a kid who ate, slept and drank the game. “All he wanted to do as a boy was play football,” his godfather, Fernao Sousa, recalled for British reporters, adding, “He loved the game so much he’d miss meals or escape out of his bedroom window with a ball when he was supposed to be doing his homework.”
By his early teens, Ronaldo’s talent and legend had grown considerably. After a stint with Nacional da liha da Madeira, he signed with Sporting Portugal in 2001. That same year, at the tender age of 16, Ronaldo turned heads with a mesmerizing performance against Manchester United, wowing even his opponents with his footwork and deft skill. He made such an impression that a number of United players asked their manager to try and sign the young player. It wasn’t long before the club paid Ronaldo’s team more than £12 million for his services – a record fee for a player of his age.

Success with Manchester United

Ronaldo did not disappoint the soccer world. He showed his promise early on in the 2004 FA Cup final, scoring the team’s first three goals and helping them capture the championship. In 2008, a year after signing a five-year, £31 million contract, Ronaldo again justified his high salary when he put together one of the club’s finest seasons in history, setting a franchise record for goals scored (42), and earning himself the FIFA World of the Year honor. In all, Ronaldo helped steer Manchester United to three premier league titles.
But Ronaldo’s time in England was marred by his mother’s 2007 struggle with breast cancer as well as his father’s death from alcohol-related illness. The latter was especially hard for Ronaldo as the two had been close, and the young athlete had often pushed for his father to enter rehab and address his drinking. His father, however, never accepted the offer.

Real Madrid & National Victory

As lauded as Ronaldo was on the field for Manchester United, his commitment to the club came under constant question. Speculation swirled that he wanted to play elsewhere. So in 2009, when Spanish soccer club Real Madrid agreed to pay United a record $131 million for the chance to sign him, nobody was all that surprised to see Ronaldo leave United.
“I know that they are going to demand a lot of me to be successful at the club and I know that I’m going to have much more pressure than at Manchester United because I was there for many years,” Ronaldo told reporters. “But it means a new challenge and is going to help me be the best footballer.”
In addition to his FIFA World Player of the year award, Ronaldo has also won the coveted Ballon d’OR, the Golden Boot, and been named the UEFA Club Forward of the Year, among other honors during the course of his career.On July 10, 2016, Ronaldo added another emotional victory to his accolades, leading Portugal to the European Championship final against France as his national team’s captain. Although he was sidelined after suffering a knee injury 25 minutes into the match, Portugal went on to win the championship title 1-0, their first international trophy. Ronaldo’s teammates said that he motivated them as team captain from the sidelines. “He gave us a lot of confidence and he said, ‘Listen people, I’m sure we will win this Euro so stay together and fight for it,’” full-back Cedric Soares said after Portugal’s victory. 
“This is one of the happiest moments in my career,” Ronaldo commented. ”I’ve always said I wanted to win a trophy with the national team and make history. And I did it. Thank God, things went well for us.”

In January 2017, Ronaldo won FIFA’s 2016 best player of the year for the fourth time, beating out Lionel Messi. Ronaldo’s 2016 wins included the European Championship, Champions League, and Club World Cup, plus individual awards from UEFA and France Football magazine, according to USA TodayIn his acceptance speech, Ronaldo said: “2016 was the best year of my career.”

Ed Sheeran

Ed Sheeran was born in February 1991 in Halifax, England. He began playing guitar at a young age and soon after started writing his own songs. When he was just a teenager, he moved to London to pursue his music, and his outpouring of creativity added up to several early EPs and hundreds of live shows. Getting a lot of attention with his online performances, Sheeran hit No. 1 on the iTunes chart before he ever signed with a record label. Since signing with Atlantic, Sheeran has sold millions of records, had a song appear in the second installment of The Hobbit trilogy and won a Grammy for Song of the Year, specifically for the Top 5 hit “Thinking Out Loud.”

Early Years

Ed Sheeran was born on February 17, 1991, in Halifax, West Yorkshire, in the United Kingdom. When he was young, he began playing guitar, showing early promise as a musical talent. When he was 11, Sheeran met singer-songwriter Damien Rice backstage at one of Rice’s shows, and the young musician found added inspiration. As the story goes, Rice told Sheeran to write his own music, and Sheeran set out the next day to do just that.It wasn’t long before Sheeran was recording CDs and selling them, and he soon put together his first official EP, The Orange Room. With that accomplishment and his abiding ambition driving him, at only 14 years of age, Sheeran headed to London for the summer. Thinking he could find gigs in the big city, Sheeran left home with his guitar and a backpack full of clothes, and his musical career took flight.


Once in London, Sheeran got busy recording and playing the local singer/songwriter circuit and quickly released two albums: a self-titled record in 2006 and Want Some? in 2007. He also began opening for more established acts, such as Nizlopi, the Noisettes and Jay Sean, and released another EP, You Need Me, in 2009, a year that found Sheeran playing more than 300 live shows.
It wasn’t until 2010 that Sheeran made the leap to the next level in his career, and it came via online media, a route Sheeran had learned to use with great effectiveness. When a video he posted online got the attention of Example, a rapper, Sheeran was asked to go on the road with him as his opening act. This led to an even larger online fan base and inspiration for many more songs, which ended up filling three new EPs, all in 2010.

The Next Level

When Sheeran headed to the U.S. that year, he found a new fan in Jamie Foxx, who asked Sheeran to appear on his Sirius radio show. Soon after, in January 2011, Sheeran released yet another EP, his last as an independent artist. Without any promotion, the record reached No. 2 on the iTunes chart, and he signed on with Atlantic Records that same month.
With Atlantic, Sheeran released his major debut studio album, +. An instant hit, the album sold more than a million copies in the U.K. in the first six months alone. Sheeran began co-writing songs with bigger artists, such as One Direction and Taylor Swift, and supported Swift on her 2013 arena tour.
On a roll, Sheeran’s next success would come when his song “I See Fire” was featured in the movie The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, and in June 2014, his next album, x, appeared, debuting at No. 1 in the U.S. and U.K. The project featured three Top 10 singles—”Don’t,” “Photograph” and “Thinking Out Loud”—with the latter winning the Grammy for Song of the Year and Best Pop Solo Performance in 2016. 

In 2016, Sheeran took a hiatus to work on his third studio album, ÷ (pronounced “divided”). In January 2017, he released two singles from the album, “Shape of You” and “Castle on the Hill,” which debuted at number one and number six, respectively, on the Billboard Hot 100, Sheeran released ÷ in March 2017, and announced a 2017 world tour. His new album broke a Spotify record for first-day album streams with 56.7 million listens in 24 hours.

Taylor Swift

Taylor Alison Swift (born December 13, 1989) is an American singer-songwriter. One of the most popular contemporary female recording artists, she is known for narrative songs about her personal life, which has received much media attention.

Born and raised in Pennsylvania, Swift moved to Nashville, Tennessee at age 14 to pursue a career in country music. She signed with the independent label Big Machine Records and became the youngest artist ever signed by the Sony/ATV Music publishing house. Her eponymous debut album in 2006 peaked at number five on Billboard 200 and spent the most weeks on the chart in the 2000s. The album’s third single, “Our Song“, made her the youngest person to single-handedly write and perform a number-one song on the Hot Country Songs chart. Swift’s second album, Fearless, was released in 2008. Buoyed by the pop crossover success of the singles “Love Story” and “You Belong with Me“, Fearless became the best-selling album of 2009 in the United States. The album won four Grammy Awards, with Swift becoming the youngest Album of the Year winner.

Swift was the sole writer of her 2010 album, Speak Now. It debuted at number one in the United States and the single “Mean” won two Grammy Awards. Her fourth album, Red (2012), yielded the successful singles “We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together” and “I Knew You Were Trouble“. With her fifth album, the pop-focused 1989 (2014), she became the first act to have three albums sell a million copies within one week in the United States. Its singles “Shake It Off“, “Blank Space” and “Bad Blood” reached number one in the US, Australia and Canada. The album received three Grammy Awards, and Swift became the first woman and fifth act overall to win Album of the Year twice. The 2015 eponymous concert tour for 1989 became one of highest-grossing of the decade.

As a songwriter, Swift has received awards from the Nashville Songwriters Association and the Songwriters Hall of Fame. She is also the recipient of ten Grammy Awards, five Guinness World Records, one Emmy Award, 23 Billboard Music Awards, 11 Country Music Association Awards, eight Academy of Country Music Awards, and one Brit Award. Swift is one of the best-selling artists of all time, having sold more than 40 million albums—including 27.1 million in the US—and 130 million single downloads. She has appeared in Time‘s 100 most influential people in the world (2010 and 2015), Forbes top-earning women in music (2011–2015), Forbes 100 most powerful women (2015) and Forbes Celebrity 100 (2016). She was the youngest woman to be included in the third of these and ranked first in Celebrity 100.


  1. 1.
    vocal or instrumental sounds (or both) combined in such a way as to produce beauty of form, harmony, and expression of emotion.
    “couples were dancing to the music”
    • the art or science of composing or performing music.
      noun: music
      “he devoted his life to music”
    • a sound perceived as pleasingly harmonious.
      “the background music of softly lapping water”
  2. 2.
    the written or printed signs representing vocal or instrumental sound.
    “Tony learned to read music

Indonesian All England Men’s Double Champions:Champions for a day

TEMPO.COJakarta – The victories achieved by Marcus Fernaldi Gideon and Kevin Sanjaya Sukamuljo at the recent All England tournament is a refreshing welcome, in the midst of a dearth in Indonesia’s badminton rankings. They are not only champions, they dominated the men’s doubles at the world’s oldest badminton tournament at Birmingham, the UK, last March 7-12. 

Since the first round of this super series tournament, Marcus and Kevin only lost one set, and that was in the rubber set game during the semifinals against the Danish duo, Mads Conrad Petersen and Mads Pieler Kolding. In the finals, they beat Li Jinhui and Liu Yuchen of China in two straight sets, 21-19 and 21-14. Yet, Marcus and Kevin entered the tournament as underdogs, although they were champions at the Australia, Indian and Chinese Opens. “We are often underrated,” said 21-year old Kevin.
Their victory at the All England tournament has shot their world ranking up from number five to the top. “We proved that our wins in the past were not just lucky,” said 26-year old Marcus. 
Last Thursday, in the middle of preparations for the India Open in New Delhi this coming March 28-April 2, Marcus and Kevin met Tempo reporters Raymundus Rikang and Reza Maulana at the National Badminton Training Center, in Cipayung, East Jakarta. Still affected by jetlag from their UK trip, they shared their views on the All England tournament, their training and the issue of bonuses.
What differentiated the All England championship from your three other previous wins? 
Kevin: The All England is different for its prestige level. So, we are more proud about winning this tournament. I believe all badminton players dream of becoming All England champions.
How much more prestigious is it than other tournaments?
Kevin: The Olympics is still the top, followed by the World Championship and the All England. Then comes the Asian Games. If Indonesian badminton players can win all of those tournaments, that would be a round-up of the best championships. Only one person has achieved that, and that’s Hendra Setiawan. Other top players have not reached that level of completeness. To be sure, not all championships can be won before retirement, like Taufik Hidayat, who has never won at the All England.
Is the status of the All England tournament because it’s been around since 1899
Kevin: Yes. There’s something different about it. The courts feel different than other tournament venues. When we enter the court, the air feels different. It’s hard to explain.
Marcus: The All England tournament is glorious. The Barclayard Arena where it all happens, has a 15,800-seat capacity, the biggest venue for badminton tournaments. It’s always filled to capacity. Because it’s the oldest tournament, it’s a big thing to be able to win there, although the prize doesn’t equal that of the Indonesia Open.
What was the target you were told to achieve at the All England?
Marcus: Nothing personal. Coach Herry Iman Pierngadi expected either we two, Angga Pratama-Ricky Karanda Suwardi or Mohammad Ahsan, who now teams up with Rian Agung Saputro, to win a title in the UK. Our coach sees us all as being equally strong.
Aren’t you expected to do best because your ranking is better than the others? 
Marcus: No. We left for the UK with a ranking the same as Angga-Ricky. We are fifth rated, they’re number eight.
Will your recent victory spearhead efforts to win at the Olympics and the World Championship? 
Marcus: It would be wrong to say that our previous win was a lucky one. We have proved that we are the doubles champions of a prestigious and famous tournament.
Does this have something to do with proving that your abilities were not properly acknowledged at the training center? 
Kevin: It’s true, we were often ignored and always regarded as being under the shadow of Hendra Setiawan-Mohammad Ahsan and Angga Pratama-Ricky Karanda Suwardi. In fact, even after winning the 2016 India Open, we were underrated. But that didn’t bother us. We especially enjoyed playing at tournaments because of our status. There was no pressure on us.
How do such perceptions emerge? 
Marcus: In the past, there were two men’s doubles groups being coached at the training center. Ahsan-Hendra and Angga-Ricky were coached by Herry, while Kevin and I and the other juniors were trained by Hafid Yusuf, although at that time, we had already won the super series title. Under this new management, thanks to the recommendation of Ricky Subagja and Rexy Mainaky, the two groups were merged and we all trained together under Herry and Hafid became his assistant.
Why were there two groups in the first place?
Marcus: Better ask that question to the previous PBSI (All-Indonesia Badminton Association) management. I don’t know how to answer that.
Has there been any difference since the two groups were merged?
Marcus: We feel more united because we compete together. Before, we felt as if we were competing against each other.
Who paired the two of you together?
Kevin: Coach Hafid at the end of 2014. It was unintentional because my designated partner at the time was Salvanus Geh, who got hurt. (*)

Borobudur Temple

A Trip to Borobudur Temple

      Three years ago, I and my classmates visited Borobudur Temple. We went to Borobudur temple by bus. We left our school at nine o’clock. It took us 24 hours to arrive there. I arrived there nine o’clock the next day. Along the road, we saw many vehicles, unique houses, prominent buildings, and some other tourists.
        After we arrived at the Borobudur temple, one of my teachers went to buy tickets. After we waited him for a moment we entered into Borobudur temple area. Then we went up to the top of the temple. Borobudur temple was built at Budur Village, Magelang, Jawa Tengah by Syailendra Dynasty. Borobudur Temple is the biggest temple in the world. It has 504 statues and 1.400 reliefs.   From the top of the temple we can see such beautiful scenery. I and my friends went around the temple together. Finally, after having some visits, we should go to the hotel to stay and continue our study tour the next day.
     We felt tired that day but we felt so happy to visit Borobudur temple which is well-known as one of the greatest legacies Indonesia has ever had. I hope the temple can be loved by all of the visitors and the government.